This is the short version of the differences between these interrelated places and terms; the long version (in the video below) is much more complicated than this.
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The world is becoming more and more interconnected. Globalization changes how people consume, work and live almost everywhere on the world. Today, many economic, political, cultural or ecological relationships are not explainable from a national perspective. At the same time, a controversial debate about the consequences of globalization has begun.
Questions to ponder: What are the driving forces behind globalization? What areas are most impacted by globalization? How does globalization benefit some, and adversely impact others? Why?
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This author argues that the main driving forces that led towards European unification in the decades after WWII are now gone or are diminished in importance. As many of the economies of Europe, especially southern Europe are struggling, it is time for the European Union to rediscover and restructure it’s raison d’être–it’s reason for being–if it wants to continue to compete on a global level.
See on www.nytimes.com
Sex and World Peace (9780231131827): Valerie M. Hudson, Bonnie Ballif-Spanvill, Mary Caprioli, Chad F. Emmett
I have not yet had the opportunity to read this book but feel that it touches on some of the core issues in geography today: gender, culture and political stability (plus, it’s just a great title). The authors of Sex and World Peace explore the relationships between cultural norms regarding gender and political stability and war. They show that security for women translates to security for the state. According to the authors, they “compare micro-level gender violence and macro-level state peacefulness in global settings…[and] mount a solid campaign against women’s systemic insecurity, which effectively unravels the security of all.”
Written by professors in geography, political science and psychology, Sex and World Peace is the synthesis of years of research produced by the WomanStats project. For more about this ongoing project and the great database which they have produced (loaded with potential for student projects) see: http://womanstats.org/
“Competition for increasingly scarce water in the next decade will fuel instability in regions such as South Asia and the Middle East that are important to U.S. national security, according to a U.S. intelligence report.”
Geographic thinking is about uncovering the spatial connections between issues that on the surface might not seem related. Multinational river basins are a perfect example of environmental resources that demand international cooperation for successful management, and it regions of scarcity and population growth, it is easy to envision clashing viewpoints on how to fairly share such resources.
Discussion questions: What geographic themes are evident in this article? What geographic problems could exacerbate the problem? What could alleviate these issues in the future?
Rising gas prices make people unhappy, but the pain is felt most acutely in states where it is unlikely to make an electoral difference.
There are numerous geographic themes that make this article a worthwhile read. The evidence suggests that states the vote more solidly Republican are being hit hardest at the pump. Gasoline expenditures as a share of personal income are higher in pro-Republican states than pro-Democrat states. Understanding the demographic base of each party as well as population density explains much of this issue: states that are very rural drive greater distances with less public transit option, spending more per capita on gasoline. Also, since the most affluent urban centers are Democrat-leaning, they spend a less sizeable portion of their income on gasoline. This article would be a nice resource for a classroom/small group discussion.
This talk (based on his controversial book, Collapse) explores the economic and environmental causes behind why a society that is overextended might collapse or recede from a golden age. Jared Diamond uses multiple historical examples such as classical Mayan civilization and Easter Island as well as modern societies such as Rwanda and Haiti, to argue that unsustainable management of the environmental resources might lead to short-term economic successes, but the environmental degradation may threaten the long-term economic viability of the economic system. This talk ties agricultural patterns, economic practices and political policies that can strengthen or weaken a society and the book looks to the past to assess the challenges of the present and future. This TED talk brings geographic concepts and spatial thinking to many of contemporary global issues.
Via Scoop.it – Geography Education
One of the most widely accepted alternative theories of world inequality is the geography hypothesis, which claims that the great divide between rich and poor countries is created by geographical differences.
This article is an excerpt of the forthcoming book “Why Nations Fail” that should serve as an ideological counterweight to the book “Guns, Germs and Steel.” The authors argue that the wealth of a country is most closely correlated with the degree to which the average person shares in the overall growth of its economy, meaning that political institutions are more relevant to economic success and development than physical geographic resources.
For more on this upcoming book and it’s hypothesis see this New York Times review.
Rick Santorum, by taking on “blue” big cities, is also criticizing the Republicans, his own party.
The 2012 election are showing again some of the cultural, political and economic divides that exist in the United States. This above map portrays the 2008 presidential election, with counties that voted for McCain in red and Obama in blue. Rick Santorum has said, in reference the political map of the United States today, “Think about it, look at the map of the United States…it’s almost all red except around the big cities.” Santorum has dismissed GOP candidates successes as less meaningful because these victories took place in major cities. This political portray is an attempt to accentuate the difference between rural and urban America to hit his key demographic, but it also begs for further analysis into the electoral geography of the United States. The next map is a cartogram that shows the same counties, but weights the size of the county by population instead of territory.
As social media critic Jesse Lasler has retorted, “It’s all blue except where nobody lives.” Each perspective biases one region, as more quintessentially American, than the other. Do you see Urban America as mainstream America, or Rural America as the Heartland and the soul of what it means to be an American? What accounts for the sharp political differences between these two core components of the United States? For more maps, see this collection of 2008 election maps that shed light on the spatial voting patterns.
This graphic, via Andy Baker, highlights these demographic patterns. However, it shows that while ‘swing states’ will be the key talking points as the election gets closer, the more important ‘swing’ region in the polarized rural/urban dichotomy, will probably be the suburbs as stated in this political geography blog.
This video was the most explosively viral video in the young history of online media content that is distributed through social media networks. What does it all mean? I find this to be a thoughtful article that isn’t a wholehearted embrace, nor is it a knee-jerk reaction against the #stopkony movement.
For geography teachers, I see several take-home points from this: 1) this is a teaching moment to discuss ethnic conflicts and political instability in Sub-Saharan Africa and the social problems that plague a society in that context. 2) This is a powerful demonstration of the impact that social media. Social Media is much more than chatting with friends, it can be a key component to what Friedman would describe as the ‘flattening’ of the Earth, a technological tool that has accelerated the pace of globalization. 3) This is also a teaching moment to correct some of the cultural bias that was evident in the video. Chances are, students in your classroom have seen the video, have heard some of the reaction, and could use some direction in evaluating the meaning behind the phenomenon.