“For decades, professional wrestling in North America operated under a system of informally defined ‘territories.’ Each territory represented an individual promotion with its own stable of talent that drew crowds to local arenas and broadcast the product on regional television stations. In 1982, Vince McMahon purchased his father’s company, the World Wrestling Federation. For almost two decades, he endured an epic conquest of the pro wrestling world that led to where he is today: standing tall as the undisputed king of the industry.”
This may seem like a strange video for geography educators and students. In one sense, the history of a wrestling entertainment business is trivial, but this provides a great example of how using economies of scale can overcome regional advantages as new technologies enter the market. Maybe is not a ‘real’ sport, but the example of wrestling might pique a few students’ interest as the economic principles are made manifest.
Questions to Ponder: How do emerging technologies lead to economic disruption? Why was regional systems so prevalent in the 1950s and1960s? If Vince McMahon didn’t pursue this plan, would there still be smaller, regional wrestling organizations? Why or why not?
THE SIX-DAY WAR increased Israel’s territory threefold. The “borders of Auschwitz” were gone; the vulnerable nine-mile narrow waist acquired a thick cuirass with the mountains of the West Bank. Israel soon annexed East Jerusalem with some surrounding land; it did the same with the Golan Heights in 1981.
Amazon’s zero-profit strategy is a disaster for anyone who goes up against it.
I have more questions than definitive answers, so let’s get right to it.
Questions to Ponder: How have technological and logistical shifts in various industries made this once unthinkable union workable? How will a retailer like Amazon change the food industry on the production side of the equation? What are the advantages and disadvantages of creative destruction (eliminating old jobs by creating new ones)? Who stands to benefit the most, and who are the most negatively impacted?
This is the story of how Sudan became two nations, and of an ongoing conflict in the Nuba Mountains that has changed the lives of millions of people. In parts 2–5 of our VR series, We Who Remain, follow the lives of four people living through the war: http://ajplus.co/nuba360. Produced in partnership with Nuba Reports and Emblematic Group.
The first video in this 5-part video is a bit slow, but provides the historical and geographic context needed to understand the developmental, ethnic, and political issues that remain so difficult to resolve. The Subsequent four videos provide a more human, personal glimpse into facets of the conflict.
Shrinking GDP and a falling population are poised to turn Japan into what economists call a “demographic time bomb,” and other countries could be next.
The article headline is quite click-baity, but there is some real substance to this article. The graphs are especially useful to teach concepts such as population momentum and the age-dependency ratio. These were the key parts of the article that caught my eye:
- An aging population will mean higher costs for the government, a shortage of pension and social security-type funds, a shortage of people to care for the very aged, slow economic growth, and a shortage of young workers.
- Following feminism’s slow build in Japan since the 1970s, today’s workers strive for equality between the sexes, something Japan’s pyramid-style corporate structure just isn’t built for. That’s because institutional knowledge is viewed as a big deal in Japan.
- The elderly now make up 27% of Japan’s population. In the US, the rate is only 15%. Experts predict the ratio in Japan could rise to 40% by 2050. With that comes rising social-security costs, which the shrinking younger generations are expected to bear.
- To make up for an aging population and aversion toward immigrant work, Japan’s tech sector has stepped up its efforts in robotics and artificial intelligence.
“Rio is hiding poor people. See Part II: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c3BRTlHFpBU “
This isn’t news, but it isn’t just about Rio de Janeiro, since the World Cup and Olympics have already come and gone. Yet the urban planning designed for the world’s gaze remains. Some strategies used were to create economic development and stimulate the local communities, but more often than not, the poor of the city and the poor communities cities were swept under the rug without addressing the issues that creating poverty with the city. Many of the poor communities closest to Olympic venues were demolished without real viable housing options for the displaced residents.
Questions to Ponder: Can you think of other ways (of other examples) that city planning is used to hide the poor or the ‘less desirable’ parts of the city? Why does this happen? How should urban planning approach economic redevelopment, poverty, and community?
“One of the greatest aspects of the APHG reading is the professional networking, collaboration and sharing that happens with this enthusiastic set of high school and college educators. In addition to the fun evening activities, every year we also hold several professional development activities in the evening.”
On Tuesday evening, June 6th, we had an incredibly dynamic guest speaker with a gift for making his research relevant to his audience. Chris McMorran talk was entitled, “Geographies of Home: producing home across scale in Japan and Singapore.” He generously provided the digital copy of his PPTx slides with his permission to use them in your classrooms (High Resolution with multimedia-70 MB, Medium Resolution with multimedia-57 MB, Low Resolution without multimedia-15 MB).
On Wednesday evening, June 7th we had our annual “Night of the Round Tables” event. This event was designed to create a place to share new ideas, pick up lesson plans, discover new resources, and develop strategies for teaching geography. Presenters had 15 minutes to present. Below are the digital copies of the presentations and the handouts that they wanted to share:
- Amy Potter: Food Security
- Stephanie Hoffman: One-Minute Map video
- Eric Cain: Cultural landscape pictures analysis
- Penny Anderson: Song Stories Chemical Workers song
- Kim Schiller: Women’s Economic Empowerment Lesson Plan
- Annette Parkhurst: ARTICLE – Consumption Factor Jared Diamond, ARTICLE – Is farming the root of all evil, ARTICLE – The apple that never browns, ARTICLE -Worst Mistake in Human History, NOTE – Response to Green and Diamond, Taboo-Pictionary Review.
- Rik Katz: Industrial Revolution Powerpoint!, Industrialization game, Industrialization game & Analysis, industrialization SIM geo analysis, Microsoft PowerPoint – Industrial Revolution Powerpoint!, The Urban Game, Urban Game Instructions PowerPoint, Urban SIM updated 3-16-2017, Urban Game with Analysis.
- Dan Snyder: Flipped Classrooms in APHG
- Rebecca Roth: Inquiry chart assessment, Inquiry Question Cities, Inquiry Question Cities2, Inquiry Question, Inquiry Question2, Link #1, Link #2, Link #3, Link#4.
- Leslie Whitlow: Geography of Gender
- Mike Meyer: Vocab Power Pyramid
- Additional Presenter: Space Shuttle Challenge Lesson Plan
- Robin Foster: Giant World Map
- Amy Stalker: my immigration DBQ, my urban DBQ
Greetings from Cincinnati, OH, home of the 2017 AP Human Geography reading. Over 700 professionals are here to score over 200,000 exams. I’ve been delighted in the past to share the Professional Development activities and newsletters and will continue to do so. This post will be updated throughout the reading (June 2-8).