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GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION

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Political Organization of Space

Santorum Sees Divide Between Rural and Urban America

Via Scoop.itGeography Education

Rick Santorum, by taking on “blue” big cities, is also criticizing the Republicans, his own party.

The 2012 election are showing again some of the cultural, political and economic divides that exist in the United States.  This above map portrays the 2008 presidential election, with counties that voted for McCain in red and Obama in blue.  Rick Santorum has said, in reference the political map of the United States today, “Think about it, look at the map of the United States…it’s almost all red except around the big cities.”  Santorum has dismissed GOP candidates successes as less meaningful because these victories took place in major cities.  This political portray is an attempt to accentuate the difference between rural and urban America to hit his key demographic, but it also begs for further analysis into the electoral geography of the United States.  The next map is a cartogram that shows the same counties, but weights the size of the county by population instead of territory.

As social media critic Jesse Lasler has retorted, “It’s all blue except where nobody lives.”  Each perspective biases one region, as more quintessentially American, than the other.  Do you see Urban America as mainstream America, or Rural America as the Heartland and the soul of what it means to be an American?  What accounts for the sharp political differences between these two core components of the United States?  For more maps, see this collection of 2008 election maps that shed light on the spatial voting patterns.

This graphic, via Andy Baker, highlights these demographic patterns.  However, it shows that while ‘swing states’ will be the key talking points as the election gets closer, the more important ‘swing’ region in the polarized rural/urban dichotomy, will probably be the suburbs as stated in this political geography blog.

Via www.nytimes.com

The meaning of ‘Kony 2012’

Via Scoop.itGeography Education
A warlord goes viral….

This video was the most explosively viral video in the young history of online media content that is distributed through social media networks.  What does it all mean?  I find this to be a thoughtful article that isn’t a wholehearted embrace, nor is it a knee-jerk reaction against the #stopkony movement.

For geography teachers, I see several take-home points from this: 1) this is a teaching moment to discuss ethnic conflicts and political instability in Sub-Saharan Africa and the social problems that plague a society in that context.  2) This is a powerful demonstration of the impact that social media.  Social Media is much more than chatting with friends, it can be a key component to what Friedman would describe as the ‘flattening’ of the Earth, a technological tool that has accelerated the pace of globalization.  3) This is also a teaching moment to correct some of the cultural bias that was evident in the video.  Chances are, students in your classroom have seen the video, have heard some of the reaction, and could use some direction in evaluating the meaning behind the phenomenon.
Via www.washingtonpost.com

What America Manufactures

Via Scoop.itGeography Education

“It’s a myth that the U.S. doesn’t make anything anymore.” 

The U.S. economy still produces more through manufacturing tangible goods ($1.5 trillion) than it does in providing services ($600 billion) for the international market.  The maps and graphs in this article are great teaching materials.  The impact of NAFTA is shown powerfully in the regionalization of U.S. trade partners, making this salient material for a discussion on supranationalism as well.
Via www.npr.org

Invisible Children: Kony 2012

Via Scoop.itGeography Education

KONY 2012 is a film and campaign by Invisible Children that aims to make Joseph Kony famous, not to celebrate him, but to raise support for his arrest and set a precedent for international justice.

This needs to be included for many reasons.  1) The geopolitical problem of child soldiers and endemic warfare in Sub-Saharan Africa needs to be analyzed from a spatial and geographic perspective.  2) The social media aspects of this campaign highlight many of the traits of globalization. 3) This would be a perfect opportunity to have a political activist moment in your class (seriously, who is not opposed to mass murder?).  4) We can teach our classes that geographers are not just going to learn about all the crap that is wrong with our Earth…we are going to fix it and use our resources to improve the human condition.  The site mentioned in the video is:  http://www.invisiblechildren.com

For a cultural analysis of the this video, see this NPR article.  Yes the video is filled with oversimplifications and a poor cultural lens, but it has started a conversation and that is a conversation with students that I feel is worth having.
Via vimeo.com

Personal Opinions of the Video: The video is full of “white man’s burden” motifs and (admittedly) the cultural representations of Africans as helpless victims that American’s as the sole agents of change is more than just annoying but reinforces bad stereotypes. So I’m deeply ambivalent about the video since it truly is a mixed bag. I was visiting a middle school recently and students are telling the teachers that they want to learn about Uganda and understand the situation better. What I love about the video is that it has started a discussion where there previously was not. True there were discussions elsewhere, but not between middle school students—and the students were asking for MORE African content to be infused into the curriculum and the teacher wisely obliged.

The teacher was smart enough to know that the video is propaganda for an NGO (no bracelets or ‘Action kits’ here!), that was advocating particular military policies (which we both repudiated). The Political action as outlined in the video is lame. But that is the rub. The “everyone join us and the movement” component is hokey and condescending, but the “do something” and “be aware” portion is the true take-home message for me. This video, in isolation isn’t enough…but I see it as a starting point, since all the college student is my class heard about it, what better portal for discussing the historical concept of ‘white man’s burden’ (which would’ve been covered either way) with the relevant topic of the moment?
This literally gives educators the chance to educate as students are interested in learning. While there certainly are oversimplifications of the ethnic and geopolitical situation in the video with paternalistic overtones, I think it has enough merit to take the good with the bad. The single “bad man” narrative is also ridiculously problematic, since the economic and political landscape creates the environment that has allowed Joseph Kony to operate in that manner. All in all, I’m grateful that there is more awareness of the issue and am hoping to use it as a teaching moment to essentially correct the misconception that could be perpetuated with that type of discourse. While it is tough to isolate the good from the bad, the message from the messenger, these are the raw materials with which we must work, and I’m glad for these flawed materials to be on the table.

The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained

Via Scoop.itGeography Education

Via www.youtube.com

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