After the Civil War, members of the Confederacy fled to Brazil. Their ancestors still live in the region and continue to fly the Confederate flag.
While people debate why the southern states actually seceded, there are many who still honor what they see as the gallantry of genteel southern society in the Southern Hemisphere. It is important to note that Brazil was chosen as the home of this ‘Confederacy in Exile’ because it was the last western country to abolish slavery (1888 it ended there too). Here is another article discussing the the Brazilian enclaves of ‘Confederados,’ or children of the unreconstructed South.