“All couples will now be allowed to have two children, the state-run news agency said, citing a statement from the Communist Party. The controversial policy was introduced nationally in 1979, to reduce the country’s birth rate and slow the population growth rate. However, concerns at China’s aging population led to pressure for change.”
The most extensive and controversial anti-natalist program in the world was China’s one-child policy. Experts have been concerned with how fast China is aging and that the population was shrinking faster than would be healthy for the economy. Today that policy was been relegated to the history books, but the impacts of the policy will continue to have far-reaching impacts (for more see the CNN video, Guardian article, and BBC video/article).